Quelles sont les conséquences de l’excision ?

L’excision est dangereuse pour la santé des jeunes filles et des femmes.

Les conséquences directes de l’excision peuvent être les suivantes :

Les conséquences pour les jeunes filles à la puberté et dans leur future vie d’adultes peuvent être les suivantes :

Les conséquences peuvent durer toute la vie. Elles sont graves et jamais positives. Toutes les jeunes filles et les femmes qui ont été excisées ne rencontrent pas forcément ces problèmes. Les problèmes de santé dépendent du type d’excision et de la manière dont elle a été pratiquée.

Reconstruction chirurgicale du clitoris et des lèvres de Vénus

En Allemagne, il existe des médecins qui proposent des opérations reconstructrices qui permettent de reconstituer le clitoris et les lèvres de Vénus. Grâce à ces opérations, les jeunes filles et les femmes ont la possibilité de vivre une sexualité épanouie et sans douleur.

Les médecins suivants ont une grande expérience des opérations reconstructrices

Dr. Dan mon o’Dey

www.luisenhospital.de/luisenhospital-aachen/zentren/zentrum-fuer-rekonstruktive-chirurgie/unsere-leistungen

Dr. Uwe von Fritschen

www.dfc-waldfriede.de/das-center/behandlungsangebot

Adresse-toi à un centre de conseil si tu as des questions ou besoin d’aide.

Grossesse

Pendant la grossesse et l’accouchement, les femmes sont accompagnées sur le plan médical par des gynécologues et/ou des sages-femmes. L’excision peut entraîner des problèmes pendant la grossesse et l’accouchement. Les gynécologues peuvent faciliter l’accouchement en pratiquant de petites interventions, en soignant les tissus cicatriciels, par exemple. Elles permettent de mieux faire couler le sang menstruel et d’améliorer la sexualité. Pour que l’accouchement puisse se passer naturellement, il faut ouvrir une infibulation. Après la naissance du bébé, le médecin peut s’occuper de toutes les blessures. Mais il lui est strictement interdit de recoudre la femme (de l’infibuler à nouveau).

L’accouchement peut non seulement entraîner des complications pour la mère, mais aussi pour l’enfant qui va naître. Il est donc très important que tu te renseignes à temps.

L’accouchement se déroule souvent mieux lorsque les femmes ont des connaissances sur leur corps, l’accouchement et la naissance. Chaque fille et chaque femme a le droit de savoir et de comprendre ce qui se passe autour d’elle et pourquoi. Adresse-toi à un centre de conseil afin d’obtenir des informations, de l’aide et des conseils sur les médecins recommandés.

Psychological consequences

Sometimes girls and women also have mental problems because of circumcision. It is a painful process, often violent and without warning. Sadness or anxiety can also return long after, for example during birth, a medical examination or sexual intercourse.

A circumcision can never be completely reversed. But the physical and mental problems can be treated to make everyday life easier. Every girl and every woman has a right to this!

Consequences for sexuality

If you feel pain or fear during sexual intercourse, or are insecure, do not let yourself be pressured and do not put the blame on yourself. It can be due to circumcision, and many girls and women have these problems. Contact a gynecologist or a counseling center.

Some girls and women are afraid that the maidenhead will tear or be removed during their first time having sexual intercourse. That’s not true. The maidenhead (also called the hymen) is a piece of tissue that surrounds the vagina just behind the entrance. It’s not closed. For example, during menstruation the menstrual blood can flow out freely. The maidenhead will not be injured by sports or dancing. It also cannot be broken during an examination by a gynecologist. Some girls are born without a maidenhead, and many have an intact maidenhead despite sexual contact. For some women, their first time having vaginal sexual intercourse results in an injury to the maidenhead and bleeding; for others, it does not. Medically, it is almost impossible to determine whether a woman has already had vaginal intercourse based on the maidenhead.

Even if there are small injuries to the maidenhead, these heal quickly. No scar tissue is formed in the process. This is important because it means that no one, not even a gynecologist, can tell whether you have had sex or not. Even after childbirth, the maidenhead can still look the same as before.

Consequences for boys and men

Female circumcision can have consequences for boys and men, for example if their wife, daughter or sister is suffering or dying, or if sexual or relationship problems arise in the partnership. 

Female circumcision is considered a “women’s matter” because it is usually organized by women. However, the social pressure that forces people to perform female circumcision comes from the entire community and thus also from boys and men. They are part of the problem if, for example, they refuse to marry an uncircumcised woman or if they simply do not pay attention to the subject.

Boys and men have an important role and great responsibility in ending female circumcision. Their task is to protect girls and to advocate for their health.

The right to health

All girls have rights!

Your body is yours.

No one has the right to harm it, not even your parents.

Which doctor is responsible for what?

General practitioner

The general practitioner is also called the family doctor. In case of health problems, the general practitioner is usually the first person to contact. If necessary, he or she issues a referral to the right specialist.

Gynecologist

Gynecologists only treat women and girls. They examine and treat the female reproductive organs and care for women during pregnancy.

Pediatrician

“Pediatrician” is the technical term for a doctor who treats children. Pediatricians regularly examine babies and children and treat the typical childhood diseases.

Urologist

The urologist treats the kidneys, adrenal glands, bladder, ureter and urethra of men and women. One can also visit a urologist in case of a bladder infection (cystitis).

General practitioner

The general practitioner is also called the family doctor. In case of health problems, the general practitioner is usually the first person to contact. If necessary, he or she issues a referral to the right specialist.

Gynecologist

Gynecologists only treat women and girls. They examine and treat the female reproductive organs and care for women during pregnancy.

Pediatrician

“Pediatrician” is the technical term for a doctor who treats children. Pediatricians regularly examine babies and children and treat the typical childhood diseases.

Urologist

The urologist treats the kidneys, adrenal glands, bladder, ureter and urethra of men and women. One can also visit a urologist in case of a bladder infection (cystitis).